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Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem

Subject index part 4 of 10

Note: Except for a few links still to be added, the links to the volume have been established. (you will see them as underlined numbers in green). The numbers reflect the page numbers of the book. Volume I goes up to page 556.

 

 

Historical Claims of Zionists to Palestine are Unfounded, 953-974

Abraham and his descendants, 953

Apostles of Christianity were Palestinians, 970

Arab conquest of Palestine, 965-966, 970

Armenians, 969

Ashkenazi Jews are of Khazar origin and have no relation to Palestine, 966-967, 970

Assyrians, 957, 969

Babylonian captivity, 959-960, 968, 970

Babylonian Talmud, 964-965

Final redaction completed circa 500 A.D., 964

Graetz states, "reflects superstitious practices and views of its Persian birthplace," 965

Babylonians, 959-960, 969-970

Bathsheba, mother of King Solomon, a Canaanite, 955

Canaan, the Land of, was named Palestine by the Romans, 969

Canaanite Kingdoms again become vassals of Egypt, 953

Canaanite kingdoms numbered thirty-one, 954, 968

Canaanites absorbed Israelites and Philistines through intermarriage, 960

Canaanites inhabited the land more than five thousand years before Abraham, 953, 968

Center of Talmudic study was the yeshivot of Eastern Europe, 965

Christianity spread in Palestine, 963

Chronology of the nations which lived in or ruled the Land of Canaan, 968-969

Conclusion, 969-970

Zionist claims to Palestine cannot be justified on historical, ethnic, legal or religious grounds, 970

Crusaders conquer Palestine, 967, 969

David's Kingdom a secular kingdom of Israelites and non-Israelites, 955-956

Edomites, 968-969

Forced to convert to Judaism, 968

King Herod was an Edomite, 968

Not Israelites, 968

Egyptians ruled the Land of Canaan, 953, 968

Ezra returned to Babylonia and probably buried in Persia, 964

Fate of the Jews of Palestine, 965

Most Jews in Palestine became Christians, 965

Few Jews in Palestine during rule of Crusaders, 967

Galilee had a mixed population, 962

Greeks conquer Palestine, 960-961, 969-970

Hebrew language was a dialect of the Canaanitish language, 964

Hellenic influence in the Land of Canaan, 960-961

Hillel, a Babylonian, was a notable author of Palestinian Talmud, 964

Hittites inhabitants of Land of Canaan, 953, 955, 968

Hyksos conquer Palestine, 953, 968

Israel, kingdom of, (see also Northern kingdom), 956-957

Israelite tribes attempt to conquer the Land of Canaan, 954

Israelite tribes conquered only a part of the Land of Canaan, 954, 968

Israelites, 954

Attempt to conquer Land of Canaan, 954

Conquer only part of the Land of Canaan, 954

Jebusites, 954-956, 958-960

Formed basis of kingdom of Judah, 958-960

Jebus capital of Jebusites known later as Jerusalem, 956

Jebusites formed basis of David's Kingdom, 956

Were important Canaanite Kingdom, 954-956

Jesus Christ a Palestinian, 962

Jewish historical claims to Palestine unfounded, 953-1021

Jews collaborate with Persians against the House of David, 959-960

Jews collaborate with Persians to massacre Christians, 963-964

Jews oppose the Royal House of David in the southern kingdom, 958-959

Judah, Kingdom of, 956-960, 964, 968, 970

Lasted barely three hundred years, 970

Judaism and its traditions were developed outside Palestine, 964

Modem scholars maintain "Jewish religion and traditions developed in Babylonia," 964

Khazars, 966-967, 970

Ashkenazi Jews are of Khazar origin, 966-967

Converted to Judaism in 9th century, 966-967

Non-Semitic people of Turkish origin, 966

Zionist Jews who invaded Palestine in 1948 were Ashkenazi Jews, 970

King David's mother an Ishmaelite, not an Israelite, 955

Kingdom of Israel, 955

Established, 955

Land of Canaan under the Romans, 961

League of Nations Commission determines Western Wall belongs to Muslims, 961

Majority of Jews today have no historical or ethnic relationship to Palestine, 966-967, 970

Mameluke Sultans of Egypt rule Palestine, 967-968

Masada "Heroes" were actually bandits, 963

Moses' wife not Israelite but Midianite, 954

Muslims have ownership of the Western Wall called by Jews the "Wailing Wall," 961

Non-Semitic Khazars are majority of the Jews in the world today, 966-967, 970

Non-Semitic Philistines migrated from Crete to the Land of Canaan, 954-955

Northern Kingdom also becomes a secular state, 956-957

Old Testament and Talmud have closer relationship to Babylonia than to Palestine, 964-965

Old Testament, 95% of written in Babylonia, 964

Oriental Jews, 966, 970

Fifty percent of other origin such as Berber converts, 966, 970

Fifty percent of Palestinian origin, 966

Ottoman Turks rule Palestine, 969

Palestine, a name given to the Land of Canaan by the Romans, 969

Palestine becomes mostly Christian in religion, 963

Palestine claimed as cradle of Jewish heritage, 953

Old Testament and Talmud have closer relationship to Babylonia than to Palestine, 964-965

Palestine Order in Council, 1931, confirms Muslim ownership of Western Wall, 961

Palestinian Talmud, 964

Was strongly influenced by Babylonia, 964

Written in Rabbinic Hebrew which contains Greek and Latin words and mostly Aramaic, 964

Wrongly called Jerusalem Talmud, 964

Palestinian Talmud finished at Tiberias circa 400 A.D., 964

Persians, 959-960, 963-964, 969

Conquer the land of Canaan, 959-960

Impose Torah edited by Ezra, 960

Invade Palestine and massacre Christians, 963-964

Persians massacre Christians, 963-964

Philistines, 954-955

Migrated from Crete, 954-955

Rabbinic Hebrew was never a living language, 964

Revolt against the Romans, 963

Roman rule at the time of Christ, 961-962

Roman rule over Land of Canaan, 961

Romans rule Land of Canaan (Palestine), 961-964, 969, 970

Romans named the Land of Canaan Palestine, 970

Samaria had few Jews at the time of Christ, 962

Samaria, kingdom of, (see also Northern kingdom), 956-957, 962, 968, 970

Lasted barely two hundred years, 957, 970

Seljuk Turks, 969

Sephardic Jews, (see also Oriental Jews), 966-967, 970

Shamir, Yitshak, states, "Palestinians are alien invaders," 953

Solomon, King, built pagan temples as well as Jewish temples, 956

Solomon's kingdom a secular state with many religions, 956

Talmud, 964-965

Babylonian Talmud, 964-965

Palestinian Talmud, 964-965

Talmudic Law, 964-965

Based on Assyro-Babylonian and Persian laws and traditions, 964-965

Torah mostly written in Babylon, 964

"Wailing Wall" farce: It is not part of the Jewish Temple, 961

"Wailing Wall" not part of the Jewish Temple, 961

Zionist false claim that the "Wailing Wall" is part of the Jewish Temple, while in fact it was built by the Muslims as the Western Wall of Al Masjid Al Aksa, 961

Zionists' claims, 953

Claim Palestine as homeland of their ancestors, 953

Claim Palestine Mandate recognized their historical connection to Palestine, 953

Claim Palestinians are alien invaders, 953

Illegal Town Arrest Orders for Palestinians, (see Town Arrest Orders for Palestinians), 683-692

International Criminal Law, 231-250

Crimes Against Humanity, 239

Denationalization, 235

Deportation, 236

Detention, illegal, 237

Geneva Convention 1949, 242-244

Genocide, Crime of, 240-241

Human Rights, International Bill of, 241-242

Human Rights violation a War Crime, 242

Inhabitants of occupied territory, offences against, 236

International cooperation in prosecuting war criminals, 248

International Criminal Law, 231-250

Definition, 231

Development in 18th and 19th Century, 231

International military tribunal judgment, 232

International military tribunal upheld 1907 convention, 232

Judicial decisions on International Criminal Law, 234-239

Kellog-Briand Pact or Pact of Paris, 233

League of Nations, 232

London Agreement 1945, 233

Major War Criminals, indictment, 233-234

Pan American conferences declarations, 233

Peace Conference 1919, 232-233

Peace, Crimes Against, 239-240

Property, Crimes Against, 235

Punishment of War Criminals, 247

Religious rights violation a War Crime, 235

Statute of Limitations not applicable to War Crimes, 247

War Crimes, 234-239

Intifada, Israeli War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity Committed Against Palestinians During December 1987-April 1990, 735-788

Abortions caused by tear gas and beatings, 745, 761-762, 765, 770, 773

List of victims, 745

Admissions of brutalities by Israeli soldiers and leaders, 738, 743-744, 747, 753

Advance payment required for uprising-related treatment in Israeli government hospitals, 770

American newsmen beaten up by Zionist soldiers, 747

Anglican Bishop protests against Zionists, 739

Ansar III concentration camp detainees appeal to the world, 761

Baby loses eye due to Israeli rubber bullet, 767

Background to the Intifada, 735

Barak, General Ehud, states, 764

Threatens sterner measures against Palestinians, 764

Barbed wire used by Zionists to close all roads to mosques in Nablus, 765

Beita village, 762-763

Houses demolished, 763

Illegality of Israeli actions is admitted, 763

Beit Sahour protest against Israelis, 770

Ben Nun, General Aviaho, Commander of Israeli Air Forces, states, 764

Air Force ready to take far-reaching actions in occupied territories, 764

Blockade of food supplies, 765-766, 771

Breaking bones, 754, 763, 766

Breaking into homes, breaking windows, destroying furniture, and beating up families, 748, 752

British labour leader calls Zionist occupation Fascist, 756

Bulldozers demolish houses, 762

Bullets, tear gas and beatings, 742

Buried alive, 753, 761

Burning alive, 755-756

Settlers attempt to burn Palestinian alive, 755-756

Caine, Professor of Law Burton, condemns Israeli arrests of lawyers, 783

Cancer patient brutalized, 746

Cars demolished, 748, 750, 752, 766, 772

Chemical weapons used by Israeli army, 756

Children, Crimes against, 748, 750, 752, 754, 758, 763

Beaten, 758, 763

Killed, 753-754

Tortured, 773-774

Wounded, 748, 750, 752, 754, 763

Confiscation of property, 767, 771

Curfews imposed, 742

Death squad tactics, 751

Demonstrations throughout West Bank and Gaza, 741

Economic blockade, 769

Electrocution of a Palestinian, 747

Eve of the Intifada, 735-736

Expulsion of Palestinians, 741

First Anniversary of the Intifada, 774

Five times as many soldiers in occupied territories than in previous year, 763

Food destroyed, 746

Four-day-old infant killed, 764

Furniture destroyed, 736-737

Gazit, General Shlomo, says "justice, morality, international law and international support were irrelevant, that Israel had all the territory and would keep it," 783

General strikes against occupiers, 737, 769

Ha'atzni, Attorney Eliekem, a settler leader calls for deportation of Palestinian leaders Faisal Husseini and Hanna Siniora, 773

Hidden snipers used by Israeli army, 773

Homes razed without giving owners time to remove + belongings, 766

Hospitals, attacks on, 751

Condemn brutalities, 753

Houses demolished, 736, 742, 762, 763, 766, 770, 771

Infants murdered or wounded, 757, 757, 759, 762, 763, 764, 767, 773

Intent to kill in Israelis shootings, 764, 766, 767, 769, 771, 772

Interference with medical treatment, 749, 751, 757, 765, 767, 770, 771

Preventing ambulances from taking injured to hospitals, 757, 765

Interference with religious freedom, 743, 750, 752, 765, 769

Worshippers attacked, 743, 752

Interference with Palestinian education, 757

The Intifada grows, 737, 743

Iron bars used for beating Palestinians, 756, 763

Israeli attempts to suppress the Intifada are crimes in progress, 776

Israeli attorney general admits pattern of brutality, 754

Israeli law professors, admissions by, 746-747

"Beatings illegal," 746

"Israeli measures violate 1949 Geneva Convention," 747

Israeli practices as Nazis, 756, 768

Israeli medical union condemns policies, 750-751

Israeli officer executes Palestinians in cold blood, 761

Israeli official admits worldwide condemnation of Israel, 738

Israeli patrol cars escort vandals, 769

Israeli radio reporters prohibited from using word 'Intifada,' 774

Israeli soldiers kill pets of Palestinian children, 746

Israeli soldiers learn they are committing War Crimes in the occupied territories, 755

Israeli soldiers murder and maim Palestinians, 740

Israeli soldiers murder Palestinian youths, 741 -742

Israeli soldiers raid houses and beat up occupants, 744

Israelis bombard demonstrators with stones dropped from helicopters, 773

Israelis kill and wound demonstrators, 742, 760

Journalists prohibited from reporting, detained, and beaten, 737, 743, 747, 749, 760, 761, 767, 774

Camera destroyed, 767

Press office closed, 760

Kach movement threatens Palestinians, 749-750

Kahane calls Arabs "insects," 764

Kidnapping Palestinians, 748, 755, 761

Knesset members testify, 752

About Israeli soldiers' brutality, 752

Admits murders, 754-755

Condemns obscenities committed by soldiers in schools, 766-767

That authorities lay economic blockade on Palestinian towns and villages, 769

That Israeli policy is not to tend to wounded Palestinians, 767

Lawyers arrested, 783

Lewis, Anthony, 781-783

Condemns Israeli treatment of Beit Sahour, 781-782

Condemns treatment of Shawan Jabarin, 782-783

Massive demonstrations continue, 738-739

Mosques, 752

Soldiers' raid, 765

Tear gas into Mosque injuring worshippers, 752

Worshippers prevented from attending services at, 750, 769

Ninety-year-old woman dies after being beaten by Israeli soldiers, 764

Non-violent civil disobedience versus Israeli terrorism, 739

Norwegian ambassador compares Zionists to Nazis, 752

Nurses beat up wounded prisoners, 745-746

Olive trees uprooted, 760, 767

Outbreak of the Intifada, 736

Palestinian flags proudly wave, 737

Palestinian rocks and stones against Israeli bullets, 739

Palestinians hung from trees and tortured, 758

Palestinians in so-called Israel show solidarity, 742, 752, 768

Arrested for wearing gold chains, 752

Palestinians not intimidated by Israelis, 740-741

Palestinians save life of Israeli soldier in car accident, 754

Poisonous gas, 757, 759, 759-760, 763, 764

Pregnant women, 759, 761

Beaten, 761

Shot, 759

Preventing the harvesting of crops, 768

Rabin, Yitzshak, orders, 744, 752-753, 760

Authorization for settlers to kill, 760

Beatings of demonstrators, 752-753

Breaking of limbs, 744

Present during brutalities, 753

Threatens Palestinians, 760

Racism, 750

"Israelis are racists" poll shows, 750

Rubber bullets, 763, 764, 767, 774, 776

Actually rubber-coated metal bullets, 776

Deaths caused by, 774

Injuries caused by, 763, 764, 774

Schools and universities closed, 767, 768, 770, 771-772

Second year of the Intifada, 776

Settlers, Jewish, 750, 750, 751, 757

Attack villages, 759

Attempt to burn Palestine alive, 755-756

Bum crops, 767, 768

Commit murder, 741, 762, 772

Destroy cars, 750, 772

Encouraged by army, 772

Escalate violence, 751

Kidnapping, 761, 772

On rampage, 750

Shoot indiscriminately, 749, 761

Seventy-year-old woman dies of poison gas, 764

Sharon, Ariel, provocation by, 738

Shomron, General Dan, 753

On cost of the Intifada, 775

Orders more brutality, 754

Present during brutalities, 753

Sit-down strike by Bethlehem merchants, 770

Soldier urinates on Palestinian prisoner who was also beaten and tortured, 766

Soldiers fire at Palestinians from helicopter, 771

Statistics of the Intifada, 784

950 killed

130,000 arrested

15,000 in prisons and concentration camps

86,000 maimed or injured

1,228 houses demolished

164 houses sealed

140,000 fruit and olive trees uprooted

Swedish foreign minister condemns Israel, 758

Tear gas, 745, 746, 748-749, 752, 766

Against pregnant women, 745

Against schoolgirls, 746, 766, 773

Thrown into Mosques, 752

Thrown into schools, 769

Three thousand youths detained in Ansar 2 camp, 746

Throwing stones at the houses of alleged stone throwers, 773

Torture of Palestinians, 764, 766, 767, 773-774

United Nations condemns Israeli policies and practices and violation of Palestinian Human Rights in the occupied Arab territories, 776-781

Condemnation by General Assembly, 776-778

Condemnation by Security Council, 778-781

Vandalizing, 749

Hospitals, 749

Mosques, 749

Walls in schools daubed with excrement and painted with obscene slogans by Israeli soldiers, 766-767

War Crimes, soldiers notified their actions constitute War Crimes, 755

Whitbeck, Attorney John V., reports on Israeli efforts for expulsion of Palestinians, 783-785

Women, Crimes against, 745, 751

Beaten 762, 763

Murders of, 764, 769, 773

Pregnant women shot, 751

Tear gas causing abortions, 745

Wounding, 765

Youth loses eye from brutal beating, 758

Zeevi, General Rehavam, advocates the expulsion of Palestinians, 784

Zionists blame "outsiders and media," 739

Zionists escalate draconian penalties, 740

Zionists panic as intifada grows, 743

 

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Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem
By Issa Nakhleh

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